Server provisioning tools are used by IT professionals to create a new physical or virtual server. These tools can be used for Linux distributions like Ubuntu, CentOS, etc. Server provisioning tools provide a graphical interface that allows the end-user to configure and manage hardware configurations of the server along with software installations and network/firewall configuration. Some of the top 5 server provisioning tools are:
A tool that automates system management using a client-server architecture of programmable objects and centralized configuration data. It can manage any type of computer running any operating system such as Windows, Mac OS X and Linux. It can be used for configuration and automation of any kind of system like POS (point-of-sale), web servers, private cloud computing services as well as managing security updates using yum.
A server provisioning tool that provides centralized elements such as chef-server to manage any software components including operating system packages or third-party dependencies such as LDAP for user account management or RPM repository groups based on package manager rpm install names_groups, rpm name_release to maintain consistent versions. Chef enables complete transparency into each component by providing rake tasks to run commands on particular resources or packages
An open-source tool that provides an orchestration management platform including the provisioning automation framework which extends role-based principles of configuration management by combining system calls, command-line interfaces and scripts for rapid deployment. It uses plugins in different languages such as Python, Ruby & Perl(jRuby) using their features to perform tasks where the whole system can be managed without changing its state. Among many other functions, it allows full scripting capabilities which allow the creation of pluggable modules in any language.
4 ) Saltstack:
A server provisioning manager is widely used for configuration management of Linux platforms. Its high scalability, powerful automation skills and simple script language will allow provisioning professionals to achieve the desired results in a near real-time environment. To achieve this it adds capabilities to extend Ansible, Puppet and chef beyond the basic configuration management workflow.
Most of these tools are easy to install in Debian systems but you will have to edit some files manually or download packager scripts which leads us into server provisioning next week on its own dedicated post.
5) Salt :
A reliable toolkit for operating system administration built upon Python originally created by Linus Torvalds’ Open Source team at his base at Linux Kernel development. Its main concept is driven with a minimal amount of external dependencies, supports simple environment setup without requiring any community tools and comes with extensive documentation. As we saw above, Salt extends Ansible by adding capabilities such as system resource management(cron) and user account management (forked from the do_manage module of AWX ).