It is possible to design mechanical bots that can carry out a specific task in a variety of sizes and shapes. All robots are different in terms of design, functionality, and autonomy. A new generation of robots is emerging to carry out tasks that humans are unable to do. There are generally fifteen different types of robots.
1. Aerospace :
Atmospheric and outer space are collectively referred to as “aerospace”. Aerospace is a very diverse field. For example, the SmartBird robotic seagull and the Raven surveillance drone are included, as well as robots that can operate in space, such as NASA’s Robonaut humanoid that flew to and returned from the International Space Station.
2. Consumer :
There is no doubt that we are moving towards a world where robots are the norm. These devices are designed to be used by the general public in a domestic or personal setting. Robots for household tasks, lawnmowing robots, pool cleaners and AI-powered robot assistants, a growing selection of robotic toys and kits, and the robot dog Aibo are just a few examples.
3. Disaster Response :
As the name implies, disaster response robots are robotic systems that are employed to prevent the spread of disaster damage in the event of an emergency. As for natural disasters such as a flood or an earthquake and man-made disasters such as explosive ordnance disposal or CBRNE incidents that require robot assistance, the possibilities are endless. Packbots, for example, were employed to evaluate damage at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant after an earthquake and tsunami rocked Japan in 2011.
4. Drones :
Any aircraft that is not piloted by a human being that has no crew or passengers on board is known as an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). When used in conjunction with a ground-based controller and a communication system, UAVs form unmanned aircraft systems (UAS).
UAVs may be remotely controlled by a human operator (RPA) or have varying degrees of autonomy, such as autopilot help, up to completely autonomous aircraft that do not require human involvement (AIA) in order to fly.
5. Education :
The list includes Lego programmable sets, lesson plans for 3D printers, and even teacher robots such as EMYS. Students may operate educational robots not just with applications but also with voice and gestures thanks to the latest computer power and creative engineering. Educators may use them to assist teach STEM topics, which are essential to modern education.
6. Entertainment :
Their purpose is to make us laugh, feel surprised, or be in wonder. They include robot comic RoboThespian, robots from Disney theme parks such as Navi Shaman, and musically oriented bots such as Partner.
7. Exoskeletons :
They are wearable gadgets that operate in conjunction with the person to help them achieve their goals. Robots that work independently of humans would be the reverse of exoskeletons. As amplifiers, exoskeletons are put on the user’s body to enhance, strengthen or restore their performance.
A mechanical prosthesis, such as a robotic arm or leg, would be the opposite. Materials such as metal or carbon fibre can be used to construct exoskeletons; however, soft and elastic materials can also be used.
8. Humanoids :
In robotics, a humanoid robot refers to a robot that has been designed to mimic the human body in shape. As an example, the design may be for interacting with human tools and settings, Robots intended to look like humans, such as the Geminoid series and the Honda’s Asimo, are examples of humanoids.
9. Industrial :
Robots used in production are called industrial robots, or robot systems. These industrial robots are fully automated and programmable, with the ability to operate on three or more axes at the same time.
Robots are commonly used for welding, painting, assembly, disassembly, pick and place for printed circuit boards, packing and labelling, palletizing, product inspection, and testing. In addition, they can help with material handling.
10. Medical :
It is a sort of professionally operated robot used in and out of hospitals to improve the overall level of patient care provided. As a result, they reduce the workload of medical personnel, allowing them to spend more time directly caring for patients, while also providing significant operational efficiency and cost savings for healthcare institutions.
Bionic prostheses, as well as robotic exoskeletons, are examples of medical and health-care robots, such as the da Vinci surgical robot. This may be the case for Watson, the IBM question-answering supercomputer that has been utilised in healthcare applications, but it is not a robot.
11. Military & Security :
Autonomous or remotely controlled mobile robots developed for military uses, from transportation to search & rescue and attack, are known as military robots.
Soldiers in Iraq and Afghanistan utilise robots such as Endeavor Robotics’ PackBot to scout for IEDs, and BigDog to help them carry heavy equipment. Cobalt is an example of an autonomous mobile security robot.
12. Research :
Data collection is the primary purpose of research robots and gadgets. It is possible that they will be used to evaluate the effectiveness of robotics software or newly created equipment As well as human interaction, movement, and locomotion research, research robots are utilised in a wide range of other research fields as well.
13. Self-Driving Cars :
As well as being recognized as an autonomous vehicle, a self-driving automobile may also be referred to as a driverless vehicle or a robo-car (robotic car). Self-driving cars use a range of sensors, including radar, lidar, sonar, GPS, odometry, and inertial measurement units, to sense their environment. Intuitive control systems use sensory data to determine suitable travel pathways, as well as obstacles and appropriate signs.
14. Telepresence :
Remote-controlled, wheeled robots with wireless internet access are known as telepresence robots (TPR). Video and audio capabilities are usually provided via a tablet. It is not uncommon to deploy TelePresence robots in place of tour guides or night watchmen.
There are robots that can teleport you to another area, so you can be present in that place without really being there. Through the internet, you connect to a robot avatar and drive it about, viewing what it sees, and conversing with other users. As well as collaborating with colleagues in another office, doctors may use it to check on their patients.
15. Underwater :
The water is where these robots like to hang out. ACM-R5H snakebot, for example, is a bio-inspired deep-sea submersible, while Aquanaut and Ocean One are humanoid submersibles.